In answer to a little throwaway question in the Weekend Listomania just passed, faithful reader TJWood got it right. The cover of a certain mid-60s Kinks album was indeed appropriated, and quite cleverly, for the cover of a CD by a certain mid-90s indie rock icon.
The Kinks, 1965
BTW, Sleater-Kinney are one of those bands I've filed under the general heading of "Lord Knows I've Tried." Critics, including "holy" Greil Marcus absolutely loved 'em, and they had a devoted and (by indie standards) huge following, but for me, they were just another one of those annoying groups without a bass player. I mean I know they were all about female empowerment and all that stuff, and people whose opinions I respect claim they were transcendent live, but they never made much sense to me.
Here's a video of them on Letterman...you tell me.
Oh well, I still think their Kinks cover pastiche is very cool. Which reminds me -- apart from The Clash's London Calling, which was lifted (not quite so specifically) from a 50s Elvis album, can anybody think of another example of something similar? It would seem like much too good of an idea for it to have been used only twice, but nothing's springing immediately to mind.